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Hasbrouck-Tindal oral reading fluency chart

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The Hasbrouck-Tindal oral reading fluency charts show the oral reading fluency norms of students as determined by data collected by Jan Hasbrouck and Gerald Tindal. Teachers can use these tables to draw conclusions and make decisions about the oral reading fluency of their students.

(The 2017 chart shows oral reading fluency norms for students in grades 1–6. The 2006 chart shows oral reading fluency norms for students in grades 1–8.)

Students need a fluency-building program (such as the Read Naturally Strategy programs) if they score 10 or more words below the 50th percentile level for their grade. Use the average score from two unpracticed readings from grade-level materials. Use an oral reading fluency assessment to assess students.

The tables can also be used to set the long-term fluency goals for struggling readers.

2017 Oral Reading Fluency Norms
pointer Printable version of the 2017 table
Grade Percentile Fall WCPM* Winter WCPM* Spring WCPM* Avg. Weekly Improvement**
1 90
75
50
25
10




97
59
29
16
9
116
91
60
34
18
1.2
2.0
1.9
1.1
0.5
2 90
75
50
25
10
111
84
50
36
23
131
109
84
59
35
148
124
100
72
43
1.2
1.3
1.6
1.1
0.6
3 90
75
50
25
10
134
104
83
59
40
161
137
97
79
62
166
139
112
91
63
1.0
1.1
0.9
1.0
0.7
4 90
75
50
25
10
153
125
94
75
60
168
143
120
95
71
184
160
133
105
83
1.0
1.1
1.2
0.9
0.7
5 90
75
50
25
10
179
153
121
87
64
183
160
133
109
84
195
169
146
119
102
0.5
0.5
0.8
1.0
1.9
6 90
75
50
25
10
185
159
132
112
89
195
166
145
116
91
204
173
146
122
91
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.1

*WCPM = Words Correct Per Minute
**Average weekly improvement is the average words per week growth you can expect from a student. It was calculated by dividing the difference between the fall and spring scores by 32, the typical number of weeks between the fall and spring assessments. For grade 1, since there is no fall assessment, the average weekly improvement was calculated by dividing the difference between the winter and spring scores by 16, the typical number of weeks between the winter and spring assessments.

2006 Oral Reading Fluency Norms
pointer Printable version of the 2006 table
Grade Percentile Fall WCPM* Winter WCPM* Spring WCPM* Avg. Weekly Improvement**
1 90
75
50
25
10




81
47
23
12
6
111
82
53
28
15
1.9
2.2
1.9
1.0
0.6
2 90
75
50
25
10
106
79
51
25
11
125
100
72
42
18
142
117
89
61
31
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.1
0.6
3 90
75
50
25
10
128
99
71
44
21
146
120
92
62
36
162
137
107
78
48
1.1
1.2
1.1
1.1
0.8
4 90
75
50
25
10
145
119
94
68
45
166
139
112
87
61
180
152
123
98
72
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.8
5 90
75
50
25
10
166
139
110
85
61
182
156
127
99
74
194
168
139
109
83
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.7
6 90
75
50
25
10
177
153
127
98
68
195
167
140
111
82
204
177
150
122
93
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.8
0.8
7 90
75
50
25
10
180
156
128
102
79
192
165
136
109
88
202
177
150
123
98
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
8 90
75
50
25
10
185
161
133
106
77
199
173
146
115
84
199
177
151
124
97
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.6

*WCPM = Words Correct Per Minute
**Average weekly improvement is the average words per week growth you can expect from a student. It was calculated by dividing the difference between the fall and spring scores by 32, the typical number of weeks between the fall and spring assessments. For grade 1, since there is no fall assessment, the average weekly improvement was calculated by dividing the difference between the winter and spring scores by 16, the typical number of weeks between the winter and spring assessments.

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