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Read Naturally Encore: Conducting a one-minute timing

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In Read Naturally Strategy programs, you use a one-minute timing to:

  • Conduct a student's placement story timing.
  • Conduct a student's cold timing as he or she begins each story.
  • Conduct a student's hot timing when he or she completes work on each story.
Conducting a Cold Timing:
  1. Sit next to the student so that you can both see the story text (or make two copies).
  2. Explain the purpose of the timing in terms the student can understand.
  3. Read the title of the story to the student.
  4. Set the timer for one minute, and then say, "When I hear your voice, I'll start my timer."
  5. When the student begins reading, activate the timer.
  6. As the student reads, require the student to underline unknown or incorrectly-read words.
    • Alert the student to additional errors he or she misses.
    • Be consistent in what you count as an error.
      • The words in the title do not count as words in the story. If the student reads the title, do not start the timer until the student reads the first word of the story.
      • Each word in the story counts as one word.
      • A number written as a numeral counts as one word.
      • Each word in a number written in words counts as one word.
      • An abbreviation counts as one word.
      • Each initial counts as one word when it appears within a person's name.
      • If two full words are connected by a hyphen, each word counts as one word.
    • Additional guidelines for counting errors
  7. When the timer sounds, tell the student to stop reading, and make note of the last word the student read.
  8. Subtract the number of errors from the number of words read to determine the student's words-correct-per-minute (wcpm) score.
Conducting a Hot Timing or Placement Test:
  1. Sit next to the student so that you can both see the story text (or make two copies).
  2. Explain the purpose of the timing in terms the student can understand.
  3. Read the title of the story to the student.
  4. Set the timer for one minute, and then say, "When I hear your voice, I'll start my timer."
  5. When the student begins reading, activate the timer.
  6. As the student reads, listen, and count the number of errors.
    • Be consistent in what you count as an error.
      • The words in the title do not count as words in the story. If the student reads the title, do not start the timer until the student reads the first word of the story.
      • Each word in the story counts as one word.
      • A number written as a numeral counts as one word.
      • Each word in a number written in words counts as one word.
      • An abbreviation counts as one word.
      • Each initial counts as one word when it appears within a person's name.
      • If two full words are connected by a hyphen, each word counts as one word.
    • Additional guidelines for counting errors
  7. When the timer sounds, tell the student to stop reading, and make note of the last word the student read.
  8. Subtract the number of errors from the number of words read to determine the student's words-correct-per-minute (wcpm) score.

Determining the number of words the student read in one minute:

  • Each numeral on the left side of the story indicates the total number of words through the end of the previous line of text.
  • Start counting with the numeral to the left of the row with the last word the student read.
  • Beginning with the numeral, count the words across the row, stopping at the last word.
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