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Word Warm-ups: Steps

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  1. Look, Listen, and Respond
    The student looks at the exercise sheet while listening to the audio lesson on the CD and responding to the lesson instructions. This step helps the student learn the featured sounds, phonics patterns, or syllable patterns.
  2. Cold Timing
    The student reads the words in a new exercise for a one-minute cold timing, underlining any words he or she doesn’t know. The student subtracts the number of unknown words from the total number of words attempted to obtain a cold-timing score.  This step establishes a baseline for progress monitoring, the component of the Read Naturally Strategy that motivates the student to improve.
  3. Graph Cold Score 
    The student graphs the cold score in blue. Marking the graph provides a visual of the baseline data.
  4. Read Along
    The student reads along quietly with a recording of the exercise, which models correct pronunciation. Depending on the level, the student reads sample words sound-by-sound or syllable-by-syllable with the audio and then blends the parts into whole words. This step is the teacher-modeling component of the Read Naturally Strategy, which helps the student learn new words and master others.
  5. Practice
    The student practices reading the word lists independently until he or she can read all of the words correctly, down the columns and then across the rows, in one minute. As the student practices many words with the featured pattern, he or she learns to decode the pattern more easily and to read the words with automaticity. This step is the repeated-reading component of the Read Naturally Strategy, which helps the student apply the featured sounds, phonics patterns, or syllable patterns to master the words.
  6. Hot Timing
    The teacher listens to the student read the word lists for one minute. To pass, the student must read all of the words down the columns, then across the rows, with three or fewer errors.
  7. Graph Hot Score
    The student graphs the hot-timing score in red above the cold-timing score (in blue), to show how much he or she has improved.

pointer Word Warm-ups steps poster

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