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Read Naturally ME: Steps

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  1. Select a Story
    The student selects the story he or she wants to read. Choosing the story deepens the student’s investment in the material.
  2. Key Words
    The student reads the key words and their definitions while listening to an audio recording. The key words provide definitions that are important to understanding the story.
  3. Prediction
    The student uses the title, picture, and key words to write a prediction of what he or she thinks the story is about. The prediction prepares the student’s mind for reading the story.
  4. Cold Timing
    The teacher may time the student, usually for one minute, as he or she reads the story, or the student may complete this step independently. The student underlines unknown words while reading.  At the end of the timing, the student subtracts the number of underlined words from the total number of words attempted to obtain a cold-timing score.  This step raises the student’s awareness of which words he or she needs to learn and establishes a baseline for progress monitoring, the component of the Read Naturally Strategy that motivates the student to improve.
  5. Graph Cold-Timing Score
    The student graphs the cold-timing score in blue.  Marking the graph provides a visual of the baseline data.
  6. Read Along
    The student reads along quietly with a recording of the story, typically three times. This step is the teacher-modeling component of the Read Naturally Strategy, which helps the student learn new words and master others as well as learn proper pronunciation, expression, and phrasing.
  7. Practice
    The student practices reading the story without audio support three to ten times until able to read it accurately, with expression, and at the goal rate. This step is the repeated-reading component of the Read Naturally Strategy, which helps the student improve fluency, master difficult words, and understand the story.
  8. Questions
    The student answers questions about the story. Responding to the text holds the student accountable for meaning, develops the ability to answer many types of questions, and provides teachers with information about how well the student comprehends the story.
  9. Pass
    The student reads the story for the teacher to show that he or she can read it at the goal rate, with appropriate expression, and with three or fewer errors. The teachers corrects or reviews the comprehension questions with the student.
  10. Graph Pass Scores
    The student graphs the pass-timing score in red above the cold-timing score (in blue) to show how much the student’s fluency has improved. The student also graphs his or her comprehension scores.
  11. Retell (if applicable)
    The student retells or summarizes the story to improve comprehension, and the teacher corrects it.
    The student graphs his or her retelling score.

pointer Read Naturally Encore/ME steps poster (PDF)

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